The “Surat Diamond Bourse,” the largest office structure in the world, is located in Surat, Gujarat, the gem capital of India, surpassing the United States in size. This network of connected office buildings, which will replace the iconic Pentagon in the US, is made up of nine rectangular buildings that branch out from a central “spine.”
The Pentagon has held the record of largest office building for almost 80 years, but the Surat Diamond Bourse has dethroned it with its expansive 7.1 million square foot floor area.
Indian Green Building Council’s (IGBC) platinum rating for the Surat Diamond Bourse. While radiant cooling lowers interior temperatures by flowing chilled water under the floors, the central spine’s form channels wind through the building.
The cutting-edge structure has various environmentally friendly elements that let it use up to 50% less energy, earning it the coveted “platinum” grade from the Indian Green Building Council. A “radiant cooling” system, which distributes cooled water beneath the floors to effectively lower interior temperatures, is one of its novel features.
The building’s communal rooms are powered by solar energy, and a roomy central corridor that is reminiscent of an airport terminal connects all of the workplaces.
It has a large capacity and can hold 4,700 office spaces. It also has 131 lifts.Nine interconnected buildings make up the Surat Diamond Bourse, which is joined by a spine corridor that is 24 feet wide.
Each of these structures has a ground level and a height of 15 stories. Located on 35.54 acres, the complex of 4,500 diamond trading offices can house 65,000 diamond industry workers, including cutters, polishers, and traders.
Each office is between 300 and 75,000 square feet in size. The basement of the bourse also houses a 2 million square foot parking lot.
The building will have under-car scanners at entry gates, CCTV surveillance, control rooms, public announcement systems and high-security campus security checkpoints at all entrances and exits.